Biomedical Engineering MPhil/PhD

Major code: EGPR/EGMR

About us

Biomedical Engineering in Liverpool

We are a group of structural engineers and material scientists with interest in the mechanics of the human body. Our work extends from basic science to applied research, covering the wide spectrum from material characterisation, numerical simulation and topography analysis to the development of device and techniques to improve clinical practice. Details of our work can be found at

Our research concentrates on ocular biomechanics (mechanics of the eye) and aims to improve understanding of the eye's response to surgery, injury and impacts, in addition to conditions that affect the integrity of the eye such as keratoconus and ectasia. Our long-term aims include improving the planning of management and surgical procedures.

Our work includes the development of techniques to improve current techniques to measure the internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure or IOP) and develop new methods that can measure IOP more accurately or continuously over periods of up to 24 hours. These methods are important for glaucoma management, where currently 15% of those diagnosed with the disease lose their eye sight despite recent technological advances.

In our work, we rely heavily on experimental testing, numerical simulations and clinical validation. In testing, we have developed state of the art equipment for assessment of mechanical behaviour of tissue, acquired techniques to preserve tissue, established complete computer control over test methods, and created software packages to conduct the necessary analysis of results.

Our numerical simulations now consider the main topographic and material features of the tissue and have been assessed continuously against lab results obtained ex-vivo and clinical in-vivo data. We use numerical simulation in all our technology development efforts and prior to experimental assessment and clinical validation. In most cases, the findings of numerical simulation have been found compatible with lab and clinical data.

Clinical validation is the last stage of our developmental work, and used only after the successful completion of experimental and numerical assessment of technologies. In clinical validation, we benefit from strong collaboration with the Royal Liverpool Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital in London.

School of Engineering

figure 1

HELIFLIGHT-R (foreground) and HELIFLIGHT (background) simulators

figure 2

Internal view of HELIFLIGHT-R

School of Engineering

The School of Engineering at the University of Liverpool has a reputation of producing top quality engineering graduates who are highly sought after by the leading employers in the industry.

The School of Engineering 's academic staff are experts in Aerospace, Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering.

We run MSc and MRes programmes in areas such as:

  • Manufacturing
  • Lasers
  • Product Design
  • Materials
  • Aerospace Simulation
  • Sustainable Civil Engineering (Maritime and Structural) Mechanical Systems Engineering.

Following a £36 million refurbishment we can offer you state of the art research laboratories. Equipment includes rapid prototyping machines, a range of lasers, two research quality flight simulators and a civil structures laboratory.

The renovation also created a unique active learning laboratory which provides open plan space for student team projects, alongside a workshop equipped with rapid prototyping machines for student use. Research students are based in open plan accommodation close to the academic staff offices

Our approach to postgraduate teaching at Liverpool emphasises two things:

  • providing students with the skills and experience they need to become effective engineers. This includes training in areas such as team working, as well as time with our industrial partners wherever possible.
  • making sure our  programmes align with the research expertise of our staff, whilst also listening to what our students want and need.


Research in the school is organised into three Centres. These are:

  • The Centre for Materials and Structures
  • The Centre for Engineering Dynamics
  • The Centre for Engineering Sustainability

Our MSc programmes are each associated with one Centre to ensure that the teaching is supported and developed within the context of leading edge research.

The School is a centre of excellence for engineering research and has a well deserved reputation for its experimental and computing facilities. You'll use many of these in the course of your postgraduate programme.